Feed-forward+reset circuit logic differes with Qiskit PennyLane plugin

It seems the logic of a circuit with a feed-forward & reset() instruction is not preserved when Qiskit PennyLane plugin is used. This is a non-reversible minimal circuit I wish to run

dev= <default.qubit device (wires=2, shots=1000) 
0: ──RX(1.41)──┤↗│  │0⟩──X─┤  <Z>

But when I switch to qiskit.aer I get a reversible circuit below:

dev= Qiskit PennyLane plugin
Plugin version: 0.34.0
0: ──RX(1.41)─╭●─╭X─╭X─┤  <Z>
1: ───────────╰X─╰●─╰●─┤

The final state of q0 in the original circuit is only on the top or bottom of the Bloch sphere with probabilities p and 1-p
The final state of Qiskit version, assuming I traced out the 2nd qubit, is at some position on a Bloch sphere set by the qml.RX(ang,0) - so those 2 states are different.
Below is the reproducer

import pennylane as qml
from pennylane import numpy as np
num_qubit=2 ; shots=1000; iqt=0

if 1:  # use Qiskit.aer 
    from qiskit.providers.aer import AerSimulator
    from qiskit.providers.fake_provider  import FakeHanoi
    fake_hanoi_backend = FakeHanoi()
    aer_simulator = AerSimulator.from_backend(fake_hanoi_backend)
    dev = qml.device('qiskit.aer', wires=num_qubit, backend=aer_simulator, shots=shots)
else:  # native backend
    dev = qml.device('default.qubit', wires=num_qubit,shots=shots)

def circuit(x):
    ang=np.arccos(x) ;    qml.RX(ang,0)
    m = qml.measure(0,reset=True)
    qml.cond(m, qml.PauliX)(iqt)
    return qml.expval(qml.PauliZ(iqt) )

print(qml.draw(circuit, decimals=2)(x), '\n')

Hey @Jan_Balewski,

Mid-circuit measurements (MCMs) are natively supported on default qubit and default mixed at the moment. When using any of the pennylane-qiskit devices, I’m not sure what the behaviour should be. My guess is that MCMs will be decomposed into quantum controls rather than classical controls :thinking:. I’ll have to do some digging and get back to you :slight_smile: